Some people think that more pressure means more flow rate when they are choosing water pumps. But it’s wrong. The technical definition of pressure is force per unit area. So it can only affect the flow rate per unit area but has nothing to do with the total flow rate of a pump.
Which factors affect the head of the water pump?
Many old customers often asked us, do you have any other model could provide higher pressure? Obviously, the pressure is an essential factor to consider when choosing a pump. Unfortunately, the pressure that small electric water pumps can provide is limited. Now let’s take a look at what will affect the pressure or the head of the small centrifugal pumps.
Wattage of the Pump
The wattage of the pump is the most critical factor. The higher the power, the more pressure the pump can provide. But for small water pumps, it is impossible to make a massive wattage due to the technical bottlenecks such as heat dissipation. For us now, the maximum power single stage pump we can make is less 150 watts. So, next, we will discuss what other factors can affect the head (the pressure) of the pump under a certain power wattage.
Pump motor Speed
Under a certain pump wattage, the speed of the pump is proportional to the pressure it can provide. This is why our DC water pumps can provide a higher head (more pressure) than AC water pumps.
The motor speed of this kind of small AC water pump depends on the frequency of alternating current (AC) electricity. So it is a constant (about 3000rpm). And we can’t easily increase or decrease it. But for our DC water pumps, we can easily double the motor speed to 6000 rpm or higher.
Inner diameter of the pump outlet
The pump structure can also affect the head (the pressure) of the pump: when we reduce the inner diameter of the pump outlet, it can increase the head (the pressure) of the pump, at the meanwhile decrease its flow rate. And vice versa.
Therefore, under the premise of a specific power, the head of the pump is inversely proportional to its flow rate. This is something you should pay attention to when choosing a water pump.
In summary, the wattage of the pump, the speed of the motor, and the structure of the pump can ultimately affect the head (the pressure) of a pump. If you still have doubts, please don’t hesitate to consult us.
BLDC PUMP Co., Ltd produces durable and high-performing brushless dc water pumps with flexible OEM solutions over 10 years.